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DOI: 10.46698/VNC.2021.14.7.001


Tsallagova, Iskra N.
Kavkaz Forum. 2021. Issue 7.
The formation of composites implies not only uniting roots or stems, but
words as well, each of which has its own lexical meaning. The semantic structure
of a composite is based on the lexical meanings of its constituent components. In
the course of the word-formation act, the grammatical and semantic fusion of
two words occurs. However, the choice of one or another lexeme as a component
of a composite for the name of a particular object, process, or feature cannot be
accidental, in other words, the components of composites have a certain type of
compatibility.It should be noted that issues related to the semantic structure of
complex words are extremely relevant in modern linguistics. This is due to the fact
that formation of compositesis reflection of a person’s associative thinking. The
semantic structure of composite structures is determined by the motivation of
the lexical units involved in their formation. The lexical meaning of a composite
is formed on the basis of the semantics of the lexemes that form it, however, it
tends to go beyond the sum of the values of the components. The purpose of this
study is a functional analysis of the components involved in the formation of
composites in the Digor dialect of the Ossetian language.An integrated approach
to the material under study necessitated the use of methods such as: descriptive,
comparative, component, statistical. This article examines the morphological
structure of complex nouns in the Digor dialect of the Ossetian language; the
main word-formation models of complex nouns are revealed, their part-ofspeech
analysis is carried out; the typology of relations between the components
isdefined, taking into account the degree of productivity; the issues related to the
semantic structure of complex words are considered.
Keywords: Ossetian language, Digor dialect, vocabulary, word formation, composite
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